The Network Enforcement Act apparently leads to excessive blocking of content

first_img August 3, 2018 The Network Enforcement Act apparently leads to excessive blocking of content Google says it received complaints against approximately 215,000 videos on its video platform YouTube pursuant to the Network Enforcement Act in the first half of 2018. According to the company it removed around 27 percent of this content. The company offers users a very simple option for invoking the Network Enforcement Act: if they want to report a video, all they have to do is tick a box on the online form. Google then examines first of all whether the video breaches its own community standards. Only if this is not the case is the content then checked in terms of compliance with the Network Enforcement Act. CREATE AN INDEPENDENT SUPERVISORY BODY Digital platforms like Facebook, Google and Twitter are an essential component of the modern public sphere. They offer huge potential for journalism to inform the public. Especially in countries with limited freedom of information and press freedom the following is becoming clear: in media systems dominated by censorship Facebook and co. offer a space in which independent information can be spread freely and new audiences reached. One example from the activities of Reporters Without Borders is the Egyptian opposition media outlet Mada Masr, which reaches most of its readers through the social networks – without which it would hardly be able to survive. In the same period Facebook received just 886 complaints pursuant to the Network Enforcement Act, in which 1,704 posts were reported as objectionable. Several posts can be reported in a single complaint, but the reporting procedure is far more complicated. For example, users must specify the concrete offence in a separate form. Facebook deleted 21 percent of the content reported under the Network Enforcement Act. How many posts were deleted by Facebook in Germany on the basis of its own standards is not known – but it is likely to have been several times that amount. In its own transparency report, the network claims to have removed around 2.5 million posts in the first quarter of 2018 on the grounds that they contained so-called “hate speech”. In 2017 in Germany, according to the company’s own figures, it removed approximately 15,000 posts per month for containing “hate speech”. The figures above raise the question of how much freedom these platforms should have in terms of defining their community standards. These companies are sources of information for billions of people. Reporters Without Borders considers them to be a key component of the process of keeping societies informed, meaning that they play an essential part in ensuring that people can inform themselves freely and independently in a democratic public sphere. Yet on the basis of their community standards they are deleting content that is in fact admissible under German law. They are effectively imposing their own set of digital house rules that users must agree to if they wish to use these services. Organisation In view of recently published figures, Reporters Without Borders knows that Facebook and Google are blocking content that is in fact legal. Germany’s so-called Network Enforcement Act (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz -NetzDG), which came into force at the start of 2018, obliges social networks to quickly remove illegal content from their platforms or face penalties ( Apparently, this pressure has led these companies to delete large amounts of content that was in fact legal in an effort to ensure that they will not be punished under the Network Enforcement Act. When deleting the content, Facebook and Google cite their community standards. In these standards they stipulate what kind of content users may share on their platforms and reserve the right to also remove content that is protected by communicative freedoms. THOUSANDS OF DELETIONS BECAUSE OF “HATE SPEECH” News „With the Network Enforcement Act the German government has turned private companies into judges presiding over press freedom and freedom of information on the Internet without providing for official oversight of the deletion procedure. An independent supervisory body is, however, necessary in order to detect “over-blocking”, or in other words the deletion of legally admissible content,” said ROG’s Executive Director Christian Mihr. “Facebook and Google delete content according to their own rules because they see themselves solely as private companies and are trying to impose their own digital house rules. Their platforms, however, have become part of the modern public sphere, so that people must be able to say anything they like there that doesn’t contravene any laws.” Figures for the messaging service Twitter released on the same day also point to an “over-blocking” of content on the basis of community standards. In the first half of 2018 Twitter received 264,818 complaints. In 28,645 (10.82 percent) of these cases the messaging service took measures against the content, for example deleting it. However, Twitter – like Facebook and Google – first screens content according to its own community standards, so that a large amount of content had already been deleted in this first filtering phase. These community standards, however, also allow for the removal of legal content, as Twitter invokes its own set of “digital house rules” here. RSF_en The state-imposed pressure to delete data resulting from the Network Enforcement Act has therefore clearly led to these community standards being used to “purge” platforms of questionable content – and in cases of doubt also of content that would normally be protected by the law. The Network Enforcement Act lists 21 norms from the penal code. If a company deems that certain content contravenes one of these norms, it is in general obliged to remove the content within 24 hours. If it systematically fails to meet this obligation, it faces large fines. But if companies already delete large amounts of problematic content on the basis of their community standards, they avoid the danger of such fines. There is no independent monitoring of their deletion practices. Receive email alerts Follow the news on Germany German BND Act: A missed opportunity for press freedom Video statement by ROG Executive Director Christian Mihr on the Network Enforcement Act: Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU In their coalition agreement the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) already announced their intention of reviewing terms of use such as community standards in order to determine whether they adequately protect consumers’ rights. The grand coalition must now put this into practice. The size of the companies in question and their relevance for the information interests of society make such a step necessary. Their special status as key providers of information goes hand in hand with special obligations of diligence and the duty to submit to public monitoring. May 31, 2021 Find out morecenter_img Help by sharing this information More information about press freedom in Germany:….  (This article is available on the Reporters Without Borders Germany website: News March 30, 2021 Find out more RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum FURTHER INFORMATION GermanyEurope – Central Asia Online freedoms Internet to go further HIGH RELEVANCE FOR PRESS FREEDOM June 2, 2021 Find out more Germany ranks 15th out of 180 states on the World Press Freedom Index. GermanyEurope – Central Asia Online freedoms Internet News FACEBOOK, GOOGLE AND CO. HAVE BECOME KEY PROVIDERS OF INFORMATION News Reporters Without Borders believes that, in view of the recently published figures, the German government has the obligation to correct the Network Enforcement Act without delay. ROG calls for the creation of an independent supervisory body to oversee companies’ deletion procedures. In addition to operators, representatives of the judiciary and prosecutors, this body could incorporate “users’ advocates” and members of civil society organisations. The supervisory body would have in particular the role of overseeing the procedures of private operators as a whole, or in other words making decisions beyond individual cases, and also of developing guidelines for dealing with content that is reported as illegal. Moreover, it should be obliged to keep the public informed and could also function as an Appeal body  in the event that a user objects to a decision to delete content. Cases of dispute would then not have to be dealt with directly by a court, but would still be extricated from the non-transparent deletion procedures of individual companies. Reporters Without Borders, however, is observing with concern that in states all over the world the potential for freedom is being disproportionately hindered, for example by the legal obligation to delete content on a massive scale. The Network Enforcement Act is a negative example of such legislation, which has already been adopted by other states. This makes it all the more imperative that the systematic errors in this law be corrected.last_img read more

Bourbon runoff from fire moving towards the Ohio River

first_imgVevay, IN—Bourbon leaking from a Jim Beam warehouse destroyed by fire Tuesday, in Kentucky, is making its way to the Ohio River near Vevay. Kentucky State environmental officials say they’re assessing wildlife impacts and doing fish kill counts along the waterways.The Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet stated in a release on social media that an “alcohol plume” from the bourbon runoff in the Kentucky River is approximately 23 miles long. They stated the bourbon should dissipate very quickly once it reaches the much larger body of water.Officials estimated about 45,000 barrels of bourbon were destroyed in the fire that started Tuesday.last_img read more

Nykeim Johnson had to overcome injury before he could show his height doesn’t matter

first_img Published on September 25, 2018 at 11:39 pm Contact Matt: [email protected] Florida State’s A.J. Westbrook towered over Nykeim Johnson. Westbrook, at 6-feet and 190 pounds, stood larger than the 5-foot-8, 163-pound Johnson. But that didn’t matter.After catching a bubble route, Westbrook tried to tackle Johnson near the line of scrimmage. But the slot receiver lowered his body and bulldozed through Westbrook, who could only watch the remainder of the play from his back.“You get a guy that size, you throw him a horizontal bubble and the first thing he does is run over a guy,” Syracuse head coach Dino Babers said. “I mean we got big guys that don’t run over guys. Here we’ve got a little guy running over a big guy and pushing it into a bigger run.”Johnson was tackled seven yards after the broken tackle at the ankles by 6-foot-3, 215-pound defensive back Jaiden Woodbey, but not before the Carrier Dome crowd erupted following Johnson’s trucking of Westbrook. Johnson has never let his size slow him. He’s only used it for motivation. But after suffering an injury during training camp, he didn’t have any idea that he’d be making this sort of impact early on in the season.In 2018, Johnson ranks third for Syracuse (4-0, 1-0 Atlantic Coast) in receiving yards. He ranked first when counting only the three games Johnson has played in. Despite not playing against Western Michigan, Johnson has been graded the fifth best receiver in the ACC by Pro Football Focus this season.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text After what Babers called a great spring training camp, Johnson was injured for much of the fall camp, unable to practice with the team. A pulled hamstring sidelined him for a month and a half, Johnson said, even forcing him to miss the season opener against Western Michigan.For weeks, Johnson couldn’t run routes and compete in game drills. While the rest of the receiving corps worked on developing chemistry with quarterbacks Eric Dungey and Tommy DeVito, Johnson rehabbed with lots of icing, heating and stretching, he said.“When I first got hurt it was really nerve-wracking,” Johnson said. “But I really had to just keep pushing, keep fighting every day, going to get rehab, going to get treatment, just making sure I was staying on top of the hamstring.”Laura Angle | Digital Design EditorWhat separates Johnson from other receivers is his speed and quickness. He’s a jitterbug, Babers said. Being just 5-foot-8, Johnson doesn’t have the same luxuries as 6-foot-5 Jamal Custis, where quarterbacks can just throw the ball upward in his direction because he towers over defensive backs. Johnson needs separation.“I know I’m not the biggest guy,” Johnson said, “so I have to check every little box and work on everything I can.”While hurt, Johnson couldn’t train his mobility. Instead, he only worked on his hands. So every day Johnson tested his press release — using his hands and leverage to create separation from defenders at the line of scrimmage — and his pass catching. Johnson sat stationary, having balls fed to him all over.When his hamstring healed near the end of fall camp, Johnson worked on his speed and quickness to get back into game shape. He ran long sprints, stop and start routes, anything he could to catch up to the rest of the unit. He worked extra with Dungey to build the chemistry needed between quarterback and receiver.After sitting out against Western Michigan, Johnson opened the 2018 season leading all SU receivers with 65 yards against Wagner. Having an extra weapon helped spread out the offense, Dungey said. Against Western Michigan, Custis was the only wide receiver with a catch. Against Wagner, six different wideouts caught passes, not including tight ends and running backs. Against Florida State, that number was four and against UConn it swelled back to six.Johnson is somewhat unpredictable for opposing defenses. With his size, teams may expect him to be used in the roles that his teammate Sean Riley is in. Standing 5-foot-8, Riley is used in many bubble and slant routes for short catches across the middle and on the edges. But Johnson is used everywhere. Against Florida State, Johnson drew a pass interference call racing down the sideline going up to fight in the air against multiple 6-foot tall defenders. Later, he caught a ball in the backfield before bullying through Westbrook.“(He’s) going out there and playing with the big dogs,” Babers said. “As a coach you have to appreciate that and as a teammate you have to appreciate that.”Dungey certainly does.“He plays like he’s 6’4”,” Dungey said. Commentscenter_img Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

Burlison’s title hopes are sunk at Kingswood

first_img8 Mar 2013 Burlison’s title hopes are sunk at Kingswood Robert Burlison was denied a maiden overseas victory when he lost a sudden death playoff for the Kenako South African World Juniors at Kingswood in George. South Africa’s Jade Buitendag took the title on the first extra hole after both players shot a closing 68 to finish on 210, six under par, two strokes clear of the rest of the field for the 54-hole World Junior Series event. On the first playoff hole, the par five tenth, Staffordshire’s Burlison played safe off the tee. It seemed a good decision when Buitendag drove his ball into one of the deep fairway bunkers. However, Burlison cut his second shot into water short and right of the green, which allowed Buitendag to splash out of the sand and play his third shot onto the green. After Burlison had taken a penalty drop, he again missed the green right but managed to chip and sink a fairly long putt for a one over par six, which meant Buitendag had two putts to win, which he was able to do. Buitendag, from East London, held a two-shot lead playing the par-five 16th hole and at that stage was five under par for his round. However, the 16th proved a pivotal moment as Buitendag dropped a shot and Burlison birdied, leaving the pair level on six under with two holes to play. Burlison hit his second shot through the green on the 17th but then played an exquisite chip from the downhill lie to tap in distance for par. Buitendag two-putted for par and on the last both boys played excellent shots into a very tough back pin position. After Burlison had missed his birdie attempt, Buitendag’s 15-footer for victory shaved the hole which set up the play-off. England’s other representative, Bobby Keeble from Essex, finished joint 36th on 227, 11 over par. Burlison became the second England player in less than a week to be denied an overseas title following Neil Raymond’s defeat in the final of the Spanish International Amateur at La Manga last weekend. Leading final scores 210 J Buitendag (SA) 71 71 68, R Burlison (Eng) 72 70 68 (Buitendag won playoff at 1st extra hole); 212 P Kruse (SA) 74 71 67, B Follett-Smith (Zim) 72 69 71, HP van der Merwe (SA) 68 73 71. Other English score: 227 R Keeble 75 78 74last_img read more

New Law Bans Smoking on Public Beaches

first_imgMartens, of Neptune, also believed a cultural change is underway. Fewer people are smoking and it’s for the better, he said.“You don’t see ashtrays in cars anymore, do you?” Martens questioned.Some people, though, think the law could be overreaching. That was Peter Lehmann’s opinion, a German citizen who was concluding a three-week tour of the East Coast at the Jersey Shore. He happened to be finishing a Seneca cigarette before paying the beach entrance fee.“It’s a bizarre thing,” said Lehmann. “We have seen all over the United States that it’s quite complicated.”“(Smokers) have to compromise all the time,” he added, “but to make it completely banned is too much.”This article was first published in the July 26-Aug. 2, 2018 print edition of The Two River Times. By Jay Cook | SEA BRIGHT – Melissa D’Anna was never a fan of smoking on the beach. And that was before she recently stepped on two lit cigarettes while giving surfing lessons in Long Branch.“It’s just a nuisance,” said D’Anna, the owner of Lucky Dog Surf Co. in downtown Sea Bright. “If you want to hurt yourself and your life, it’s your choice. But do it elsewhere.”D’Anna is just one of the many Two River-area residents who applauded a new state law signed by Gov. Phil Murphy last week that will ban smoking and vaping on all public beaches and parks across New Jersey. It’s set to go into effect in January 2019.Alongside other state officials in Long Branch July 20, Murphy said the law is designed to address public health issues and environmental concerns. “The Jersey Shore has always been one of the state’s, and indeed our nation’s, great natural treasures and a place for families,” said Murphy. “Today, we’re only strengthening our commitment to the Shore.”The bill is an extension of the New Jersey Smoke-Free Air Act of 2006 which prohibited smoking at any indoor public space or workplace. Smokers will no longer be allowed to light up on any municipal, county or state beach, park or forest.First-time offenders could be fined $250. A second offense may cost $500 and any subsequent time after that can cost $1,000.Municipalities and counties, however, can use local legislation to set up a designated smoking area not exceeding 15 percent of the beach. While there is some leeway designed in the law, it’s still a win for “fish and families,” said Cindy Zipf, executive director of Clean Ocean Action. Her organization conducts two beach sweeps annually and removed over 29,000 cigarette filters, 7,000 cigar tips, 1,100 lighters and 1,000 cigarette packs from nature just last year.“A lot of people just view their world as an ashtray,” Zipf told The Two River Times this week. “But no longer is the beach going to be one.”Some areas would be exempt from this legislation. The private beach clubs lining Ocean Avenue in Sea Bright wouldn’t have to adhere, said Zipf. It would be up to the individual club to put a ban in.“It would be interesting to see if this would be a way for them to choose to either take part or not,” Zipf said of the beach clubs. “This is a step in the right direction.” The same goes for national parks, like Gateway National Recreation Area where Sandy Hook is located. Guidelines dictated by the National Park Service only prohibit smoking within 25 feet of and inside any enclosed structure, as well as inside government-owned cars and boats.Some beachgoers who spent the afternoon in Sea Bright this week were receptive to the new legislation, like Doug Rice, 62, of Rumson.“No matter where you are, somebody’s going to be down-wind,” he said, before hopping back on his bicycle. “The other (bad) thing is the butts that go in the sand all the time.”Mel Martens, who was working a shift at Giglio’s Bait & Tackle, welcomed the ban.“Being a former smoker and knowing people that’ve smoked for 50 years, having a designated area would make sense to me,” he added.last_img read more

a day agoDe Visser: I told Chelsea – do not lose Hudson-Odoi

first_imgDe Visser: I told Chelsea – do not lose Hudson-Odoiby Paul Vegasa day agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea adviser Piet de Visser has claimed former manager Maurizio Sarri was instructed to play Callum Hudson-Odoi last season.Sarri faced backlash from supporters and critics alike over his refusal to play Hudson-Odoi, who handed in a transfer request in attempt to join Bayern Munich.He recently a new long-term contract, and De Visser has hinted Sarri’s departure may have influenced that decision.”I enjoy young players. Lampard gives six or seven boys of the academy opportunities. That is the future,” de Visser told De Volkskrant.”Hudson-Odoi, he didn’t want to sign.”I told Chelsea: never lose Hudson-Odoi. He will be the new Hazard. But Marina [Granovskaia, Chelsea chief executive] said: he doesn’t want to sign.”And you know why not? Because Sarri didn’t play him. Then Sarri was instructed to deploy him, and he was their best player. And he signed for four [sic] years.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Jennie Garth Honored With Campbells Healthy Heart Award

first_imgCampbell Soup Company is continuing its support of the American Heart Association’s Go Red For Women movement by honoring actress, heart health advocate and mom, Jennie Garth, with the Campbell’s Healthy Heart award at the annual Woman’s Day Red Dress Awards in New York City on Feb. 11, 2014.Jennie Garth, right, accepts the Campbell’s Healthy Heart Award from Vice President – U.S. Soup for Campbell Soup Company, Leah Dunmore at the 2014 Woman’s Day Red Dress AwardsCredit/Copyright: Evan Agostini/Invision for Campbell Soup/AP ImagesThe award recognizes a woman who has made a commitment to improving heart health among women.Jennie Garth arrives at the 2014 Woman’s Day Red Dress Awards to accept the Campbell’s Healthy Heart award for her commitment to improving heart health for womenCredit/Copyright: Evan Agostini/Invision for Campbell Soup/AP Images“Almost 43 million women in the U.S. are affected by heart disease – and that’s a number that I know we can change,” said Garth. “That’s why I’m so honored to receive the Healthy Heart award from Campbell Soup Company – together we can help make a difference for women across the country by encouraging women to make heart-healthy choices and supporting them along the way.”Now in the eighth year of its sponsorship with the American Heart Association and its support of the Go Red For Women movement, Campbell Soup Company has announced the launch of the Campbell’s Address Your Heart Pantry Project sweepstakes in an effort raise awareness of heart health. Heart disease continues to be the number one killer of Americans and, according to the American Heart Association, a healthy diet and lifestyle are the best weapons in the fight against heart disease. Campbell will give consumers the chance to win over a thousand prizes designed to help them kick start heart-healthy habits in their kitchen pantries.Additionally, Campbell is introducing two new flavors of Healthy Request soups, Southwest-Style Bean & Barley and Tuscan-Style Lentil, making it even easier for people to start refreshing their pantries.“As a proud long-standing supporter of the American Heart Association’s Go Red For Women movement, we are committed to encouraging Americans to make heart-healthy choices each day through our products and resources,” said Leah Dunmore, Vice President, U.S. Soup, Campbell Soup Company. “This year, we are looking at the kitchen pantry through the Campbell’s Address Your Heart Pantry Project to show women that they can take small steps towards big improvements in their heart health.”To enter the Campbell’s Address Your Heart Pantry Project sweepstakes, U.S. residents ages 18 and older can visit by Feb. 28, 2014 and submit a photo and caption that shares how their pantry inspires their heart-healthy lifestyle. No purchase is necessary for entry. The prizes range from storage tools, organizing solutions and Healthy Request soups to one grand prize of a $5,000 complete pantry makeover. The website also features American Heart Association certified recipes and cooking tips.last_img read more

Green House Project hopes to educate students and offer a healthier diet

first_imgPriscilla WolfAPTN NewsFormer prime minister Paul Martin was on hand to launch a new project in Ile a la Crosse, Sask. called the Green House Project.The project is part of the Martin Family Initiative that has been working with schools across Canada for almost a decade.Martins says he sees Indigenous youth as an investment for Canada.“The Green House Project hopes to address many issue related to food, food security, and horticulture that disproportionately affects Indigenous Peoples and their communities,” Martin said. “The Greenhouse Project is a school- based program that introduces students to horticulture through hands on lessons and practices.“It seeks to complement a number of existing course areas for high school students including entrepreneurship, science, math, and nutrition.”The goal is to get the high school students skilled at growing their own food and sharing it with the community and area by using their entrepreneurial skills by building a business.“We all understand that food in the north is expensive and that often times whether its fresh vegetables or fresh fruit  those things are not available as a result we have said one of the things we got to do in an entrepreneurial way  is to build greenhouses,” said Martin. Green houses that can use solar energy and can be spread throughout the north that will create food security.”Youth in the community like Jeremy Corrigal, the local Junior mayor and president of the Students Representatives Council sees this upcoming Green House Project as encouraging for his community.“It’s a huge step in our community with making more partnerships with more people around the province and around the country.“It’s a big step  for our school in general and getting the former prime minister of Canada here and helping us and being a partner with us that just an honour  our community is that much more.”Jim Durocher, local president of the A la Bale Metis Local 21 says the project is important.“We are an isolated community. The Green House Project will allow students and participating community members to explore the usage of more advanced technology to sustain year-round growth,” he said.Durocher also thinks junk food has contributed to high rates in diabetes in his community.He sees this as a way to return to traditions and healthy eating.The program was developed with the input of Elders, leaders, educators and the business community to meet all the criteria for the students and [email protected]last_img read more